How Addiction Treatment Has Improved Due To Medication
A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. Some people striving to quit drugs or alcohol relapse since they cannot deal with withdrawal side effects. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Detoxing And Withdrawal
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. There symptoms include:
Pain in the muscles
There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as:
Anxiousness and irritability are usually treated using these drugs.
One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.
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Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. These symptoms that last a long time are also known as Post-Acute Withdrawal Syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. Patient take these tablets every day.
Medicines for alcohol addiction are:
Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
It was hoped that the fact that taking alcohol would make them sick would prevent the recovering addicts from drinking.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Treatment Medicine For Heroin And Opiate Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:
Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
This assists curb strong desires and withdrawal side effects.
Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
Find out more information about Methadone.
Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone but has a less potential to cause addiction and isn't regulated as much.
For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
It prevents the cravings for use.
Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. Home detox can be harder and more dangerous than attending a rehab centre. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.
Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Hypertension is a risk complication for patients going through detox, and the medical profession best handles it. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.
Inpatient rehabs include Detox, most often. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 772 3971.