The problem of treating addiction and mental illness, which can be a result of unhealthy thoughts and feelings can be addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapy.
A classification of mental health counselling is cognitive-behavioural therapy which was founded in the 1960s by Dr. Aaron T. Beck.
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Getting rid of an addiction needs certain resources and people. Outpatient or Inpatient addiction treatment programs will help you achieve sobriety and keep from relapsing. In order to maintain the skills that are required along with the recovery you can get help from mental health counsellors.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy helps people deal with dysfunctional thoughts and feelings and to recover from addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.
Some of the other behaviours that can be eliminated aside from dependency on drugs include:
State of panic
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The CBT centres are everywhere and you can attend anyone to get help today.
CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.
It is the job of counsellors to help recovering addicts identify their negative feelings and actions, which are also known as "automatic thoughts." Fear, self doubt and other internalized feelings together with misconceptions are what usually cause these automatic negative thoughts. Trying to suppress the pain inflicted by these experiences people self-medicate with alcohol and drugs.
Being able to isolate these feelings and emotions and recognize what brings them on empowers the addicted person to fight the addiction.
These addiction can be gradually minimised if they address the past experiences and thoughts. The addicts then get a fresh opportunity to learn positive behaviours in order to replace their addiction for alcohol or drugs.
Treatment For Addiction And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Most users are found to be suffering from deep despair and hopelessness which in the first place were caused by bad or distrustful thoughts.
What this says is dark thoughts have a higher possibility of making a person start abusing substances.
One of the main things that prevent people from staying clean are triggers and these are things, situations or people that bring about a strong urge to use. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Alcoholism And Other Drugs Can Be Eliminated By Cbt Including
Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
Strengthen the patient with better ways of self-motivation.
Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.
The Skills Necessary For Managing Triggers
Recognize Triggers In Time
You need to recognise the things that make you start using the drugs.
Avoid The Triggers
This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
Cope With Triggers
The emotions and thoughts that lead to the abuse of substances can be elevated by using the techniques provided by CBT.
You can practice CBT behaviour techniques anywhere and everywhere. Patients can do a lot of CBT exercises all by themselves - at a group meeting and at home.
Some of the self-help exercises taught in support groups such as SMART - Self Management and Recovery Training incorporate certain aspects of CBT.
Techniques Applied In Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
There are exercises peculiar to CBT-based treatment for addicted patients.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions:
The patients are encouraged to stop and evaluate their thoughts see if they are worth keeping them or if they are better discarded.
The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
The objective is to assist them to think in a balanced manner and critically evaluate their thoughts to feel constructive about themselves.
For example: "My boss thinks I'm worthless. For that, I need to use alcohol to get over this feeling "can be changed to " I accept my mistake and will rectify it next time. If I learn from my mistakes and heed my manager's advice, she will appreciate it. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
These exercises are helpful in contrasting negative thoughts with the positive ones to understand which one is better effective for changing behaviour.
Some patients better respond to self-kindness; others - to self-criticism.
One needs to identify the behaviours that work best with them.
For example: "If I am harsh to myself after drinking to excess, I'll drink less" vs. "If I am kind to myself after drinking to excess, I will drink less."
Creating Images In Your Mind
This involves bringing up memories that cause highly negative feelings.
They capture their every emotion, sight, sound, impulse and thought they felt at that moment.
By reliving painful memories again and again, the addict can gradually mitigate the anxiety caused by these past experiences.
Example: A young man emphasises on uncomfortable memories of his childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. Following constant experience, the recollection lessens the pain and thereby decreasing the craving for alcohol or drugs.
Pleasant Activity Plan
This is a practice involving creating a healthy weekly list, entertaining practices to halt an individual's daily activities.
All the activities on the list should be easy to do, simple, and trigger positive emotions.
The need to use drugs or alcohol can be reduced with the help of these activities since they will help to curb the negative thoughts that tend to creep up automatically.
Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
How Cbt Or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Varies From Other Therapies
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy take a more practical approach to therapy as compared to other methods.
The addicts who are recovering can have an active session with their therapists who will be willing to listen not just passively. Both the therapist and the patient are actively involved in the therapy session and work together.
Focused and quick treatment that is based on actions is what Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is all about. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.
It has been observed that some techniques of psychotherapy can take many years before a strong impact is seen. More often than not, CBT needs 16 meetings to deliver significant results.
CBT therapy can be adapted to make it effective in outpatient or inpatient programs as well as in counselling sessions for groups or an individual. A lot of rehabilitation facilities and addiction therapists use CBT as a part of their treatment programs.