Fentanyl is an opioid pain reliever (OPR), a synthetic pharmaceutical drug, stronger than morphine more than 50 to 100 times. Fentanyl is mostly employed to handle severe pain; pain after surgery or pain that has occurred from cancer treatment. If other pain relievers fail because the body become accustomed to it, Fentanyl is the go-to drug for its efficiency and potency. As a result of its potency, there is a high risk of addiction of become addicted. Taking overdose of the drug may be needed to have the same initial euphoric feeling for those who are addicted to Fentanyl.
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Fentanyl is available in a range of preparations to meet the needs of the clients.
Some popular brand names and forms are:
Actiq - the lozenge form available on plastic sticks which is normally placed under the tongue like a lollipop.
Mainly applied to patients who are on other pain killers and at times in military applications.
Duragesic - In the 1990s, this Fentanyl patch was introduced.
The impact of this drug can be felt for 3 days and is recommended for use to deal with minor pain.
Sublimaze - Sublimaze is the injectable form of Fentanyl, generally administered in hospitals sometimes alongside anaesthetics.
Post- or pre-surgery pain can be reduced with this drug.
Subsys - Subsys deliver immediate pain relief and are a sublingual spray administered under a patient's tongue.
The treatment of breakthrough cancer pain is its main effect.
Abstral - Also employed in patients who are tolerant to opioids but with breakthrough cancer pain, it is the fast dissolving form of Fentanyl that is put under the tongue to effect immediate relief of pain.
Lazanda - A form of Fentanyl nasal spray that is applied in the same way as the common nasal decongestant spray.
In cancer patients, it is predominantly used to treat pain.
Fentanyl sets into action by blocking pain receptors located in the brain besides building up on the production of dopamine, the hormone that makes us happy. Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, TNT and crush are some of the street names for Fentanyl.
Seek help now if you or your loved one is abusing Fentanyl.
Fentanyl Misuse And Effects
Regardless of the prescription form, the Fentanyl still comes with a great risk for addiction and abuse like other ORPs.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has issued a warning statement that because of the nature of Fentanyl along with its addictive potential a Fentanyl epidemic has the possibility of occurring.
An intense euphoria and sense of relaxation similar to a heroin "high" are experienced by those ingesting Fentanyl at unprescribed levels.
Some of the symptoms of Fentanyl abuse are:
To those without a tolerance to opioids, Fentanyl abuse is dangerous. When someone without a tolerance abuses Fentanyl, the risk of overdose is multiplied.
Those using the drug without caution may become addicted and cause them to engage in deadly misuse of the drug.
The combination of Fentanyl with illegal narcotics like heroin or stimulants like Cocaine amplify the damaging side effects of this drug. In case Fentanyl is taken by following a prescription or for recreational needs, it is a quite lethal drug.
This drug has a profound effect on the central nervous system, leading to massive amounts of dopamine flooding the brain and this could chemically modify the brain with time. As a result of the neurochemical changes, someone using it as prescribed may become dependent on it and he/she may look for other means of acquiring it after finishing their prescription.
Abuse to full-blown addiction grows rapidly with OPRs like Fentanyl.
People may deliberately or unknowingly become addicted to this drug due to the erroneous belief that it cannot be abused like other addictive substances like heroin and co. Some health concerns such as experiencing ill health while quitting the drug and dependence on it have been identified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Find more about understanding an addiction to Fentanyl.
Treatment For A Dependency To Fentanyl
Cutting out Fentanyl by going "cold turkey" can be an unhappy procedure although rarely life-threatening. Those who are addicted to Fentanyl mostly have a physical dependence to it, and the withdrawal symptoms could be quite painful. Specialized treatment programs are available for both inpatient and outpatient treatment of an addiction.
Symptoms from the drug are determined by the degree of addiction and by the from the drug is taken in.
Users are still vulnerable to potential relapse despite Fentanyl withdrawal being typically non lethal. During detoxification, professional medical supervision can reduce the odds of relapse.
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It is difficult to get over an addiction, but this goal is achievable. There are support groups to help those who are recovering all over the country. You can begin to break your addiction now.